Monday, July 11, 2011

Beautiful Masjid in The World I

The religion Islam is here for centuries. It was the time when Muslim rule the world. They were not only land lords or rulers but also very nice human being and socialist people. They were also rich so wherever they go, used to create great marvels so that rest will remember them for their brilliance in architecture.

As Muslims used to build other architectural masterpieces, they also created mosques for Muslims as well. This tread is somehow remain in modern-day Muslims as well.

Masjidil Haram AKA: Ka’aba or Khana Ka’bah
- Location: Makka, Saudi Arabia
- Built in: Around 2000 BC
- Built by: Originally built by Prophet Ibrahim
- Capacity: 8000,000 worshipers
- Special Features & Measurements:
* surrounds Ka’aba
* Holiest place for the Muslims of the world
* Covers an area of 400800 Square meters
* It has the largest annual religious gathering in the world
* It has Hijr-e-Aswad
* It has Aab-e-Zamzam in its premises
* Height of Ka’bah is 39 feet & 6 inches.
* Italian marble used for flooring, which absorbed the heat in summer and convert it hotness into coolness and in winter it convert its coolness into hotness.

Masjid Nabawi
Location: Medina, Saudi Arabia
- Built in: Originally built-in 622 AD
- Built by: Prophet Muhammad
- Capacity: 1000,000 worshipers
- Special Features & Measurements
* Grave of Prophet Muhammad
* 2nd Holiest place for Muslims
* Originally it was 30 x 35 m. Today it covers 165 000 square meters
* Two prayers halls. Ottoman prayer hall projects south and the main prayer hall covers the ground floor
* Flat paved roof with 24 domes
* All the domes can slide open
* The courtyards equipped with Umbrella tents
* The walls composed of a series of windows topped by pointed arches with black and white voussoirs.
* 10 Minars, each 105 m high.
* Decorated with polychrome marble stone.

Masjid Al-Saleh, Yaman

The Saleh Mosque or Al Saleh Mosque (Arabic: جامع الرئيس الصالح) is the largest and most modern mosque in Sana'a, Yemen. It lies in southern outskirts of the city, south of the Al Sabeen Maternal Hospital at the junction of the 45 meters and 70 meters roads. Inaugurated in November 2008, it is named after Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. It can hold up to 40,000 worshippers and cost nearly 60 million US dollars to build. At the time of construction and opening, it was criticized for being too expensive in relation to Yemen's general impoverishment.

The mosque was built in a Yemeni architectural style and includes wooden roofs, 15 wooden doors which are 22.86 meters (75 feet) in height and include engraved copper patterns as well as 6 large minarets, 4 of which are 160 meters (525 feet) in height. It is surrounded by sprawling gardens

Blue Mosque
Location: Istanbul, Turkey
- Built in: 1609 and 1616, during the rule of Ahmed I
- Special Features:
* Lined with more than 20,000 handmade ceramic tiles
* The upper levels of the interior are dominated by blue paint
* More than 200 stained glass windows with intricate designs admit natural light
* On the chandeliers, ostrich eggs are found that were meant to avoid cobwebs inside the mosque by repelling spiders
* The decorations include verses from the Qur’an, many of them made by Seyyid Kasim Gubari

Masjid Puterajaya Malaysia

Crystal Mosque
- Location: Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
- Built in: 2008

Zahir Mosque
Location: Alor Satar, Malaysia
- Built in: 1912
- Built by: TM Tunku Mahmud Ibni Almarhum Sultan Tajuddin Mukarram Shah
- Special Features & Measurements:
* The site of this mosque was the cemetery of Kedah warriors who had died while defending Kedah from the Siamese in 1821
* Architecture was inspired by Azizi mosque
* 5 large prime domes symbolizing the five pillars of islam
* Covers 11558.3 square meters
* Central Prayer hall is 62 x 62 feet
* One of the oldest mosques in Malaysia
* Was in the list of 10 most beautiful mosques in the world.

Badshahi Mosque
Location: Lahore, Pakistan
- Built in: 1673
- Built by: Emperor Aurangzeb
- Capacity: 110.000 Worshipers
- Special Features & Measurements
* Was the largest mosque in the world for 313 years
* The four minarets of the Badshahi Mosque are 13.9 ft (4.2 m) taller than those of the Taj Mahal and the main platform of the Taj Mahal can fit inside the 278,784 sq ft (25,899.9 m2) courtyard of the Badshahi Mosque, which is the largest mosque courtyard in the world.
* On the occasion of the second Islamic Summit held at Lahore February 22, 1974, thirty-nine heads of Muslim states offered their Friday prayers in the Badshahi Masjid
* A small museum is also attached to the mosque complex. It contains relics of the Prophet Muhammad, his cousin Ali, and his daughter, Fatimah.

Al Fateh Bahrain Grand Mosque, Bahrain
AKA: Al- Fateh Islamic Center or Al-Fateh Grand Mosque
- Year of completion: 1988
- Built by: Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa
- Location: Bahrain next to King Faisal Highway Jaffair
- Capacity: 7000 Worshipers
- Special Features: Fiber Glass Dome, weighing over 60,000 Kg. World’s largest fiber glass dome.

Kuwait Grand Mosque

AKA: Masjid Al-Dahab
- Year of completion: 1976
- Location: Quiapo district in Manila, Largest mosque in Manila
- Special Features: Golden Domes and minars.

floating Mosque Jeddah

Masjid Selat Malaka

Faisal Mosque
Location: Islamabad, Pakistan
- Built in: 1986
- Designed by: Turkish architect, Vedat Dalokay
- Built by: Pakistani Govt, with the help of King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz
- Capacity: 50,000 Worshipers
- Special Features & Measurements:
* Was the largest mosque in the world till 1993
* Turkish architectural style
* Covered area of 5,000 m2
* Third largest capacity of accommodating worshipers in its adjoining grounds after the Masjid al-Haram
* Each Minar 80m high (tallest in South asia), 10 x 100 m in diameter
* Architects from 17 countries submitted proposal for this Mosque’s construction
* Cost of building: 130 million Saudi riyal (approx. $120 million)
* Size: Building height: 131ft (40m); minaret height: 300ft.

Jame 'Asr Hassanil Bolkiah Mosque

Kipchak Mosque Turkmenistan


Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Mosque
Location: Abu Dhabi, UAE
- Year of completion: 2007
- Capacity: 40.000 worshipers
- Special Features & Measurements:
* Mix of Mughal, Arab & Moorish Architecture
* 4 Minars at 4 corners, each 115 m tall
* 57 Domes
* Courtyard measures 17000 square meters
* World’s Largest hand-made carpet, 5627 square meter weighs 47 tons
* Seven chandeliers, World’s largest Chandelier – 10 m in diameter, 15 m in height.

Kinabalu City Mosque

Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Mosque II

Location: Oman
- Year of completion: 2001
- Built by: Sultan Qaboos
- Capacity: 20 000 Worshipers
- Special Features & Measurements:
* Built with 300 000 tons of Indian sandstone
* Main Prayer Hall is square – 74.4 x 74.4 m
* Central Dome 50 m
* Main minar 90 m high
* Four other minars 45.5 m high
* World’s Second largest hand made carpet – 4343 square meters
* World’s second largest Chandelier – 14 m high

The Omayad Mosque and full moon

Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque, Beirut - Lebanon

Khatam Al Ambiya Masjid, Beirut , Lebanon

Sabanci Mosque
Location: Adana, Turkey
- Built in: 1998
- Built by: Turkish Religious Foundation and Sabanci Foundation
- Capacity: 28500 Worshipers
- Special Features & Measurements:
* Largest Mosque in Turkey
* Exterior of the mosque is similar to Sultan Ahmed Mosque and interior is similar to Selimiye Mosque
* Built over 52600 Square meters
* It has 6 minars, 4 are 99m high while 2 are 75 m high and 8 pillars which carry the central dome
* The central dome is 32 m in diameter and 54 m high
* 4 classrooms, 10 itikaf rooms, rooms of imam and muezzin, discussion rooms and the fountain.

Imam Mosque
AKA: The Imam Khomeini Mosque
- Foundation Stone: laid in 1611
- Location: Isfahan, Iran
- Built by: was built during Safavids period.
- Measurements and Features:
* Port – 27 m high
* Two minars – 42 m tall
* Surrounded by 4 iwans and arcades
* Largest Dome in the city. 52 m high. The dome is double layere

Masjidil Aqsha Palestina

Dome of Rock

Location: Kazan Kremlin
- Built in: 16th Century originally, Rebuilt and completed in 2005
- Special Features:
* Second largest mosque in Europe
* Traditional Volga Bulgaria Architecture
* 8 minarets and central cupola
* Was rebuilt with the donations of several Muslim countries (Saudia Arabia & UAE)
* Most important symbols of Tatar aspiration to independence

Location: Casablanca, Morocco
- Year of completion: 1993
- Designed by: Designed by French architect, Michel Pinseau.
- Built by: Bouygues.
- Capacity: 105.000 Worshipers
- Special Features:
* Largest mosque in Morocco, Third Largest in the world
* Tallest minar – 210 m
* Almost half mosque is built on Atlantic water
* Part of the floor is glass and sea water can be seen.
* Specially designed for earthquakes.

Great Masjid , Xian, China

Mosque of Schwetzingen Cas​tle, Germany

Telyashayakh Mosque Tashkent

The Registan in Samarkand, Uzbekistan

Bibi Khanym Mosque Uzbekistan

St Petersburg Mosque Russia

Dabgir Mosque
Dabgir Mosque in Thatta is thought to be the oldest monument of Thatta. This mosque is also known as the Mosque of Amir Khusrao Khan Charkas, a descendent of Changez Khan who was made governor of Thatta in 1590, when the Mughals annexed Sindh. Khusrao Khan Charkas is credited with building over 360 public monuments in Thatta alone, including mosques, tombs, bridges, inns, wells, and masdrassahs (schools).

During Jalauddin Muhammad Akbar's reign, this mosque was situated in the heart of the city. Despite the ravages of time, vandals, and misguided restorers, its former grandeur is still visible in parts of its structure. The best surviving portion of the mosque, which is now quite dilapidated, is its sanctuary. Nothing is known about the form of the courtyard, surrounding walls, gateways, and minarets, if there were any. The sanctuary consists of three bays. The central one has lost its dome, while the two flanking bays are capped by low domes.

The mosque has three compartments in the sanctuary. The central one is the largest. It forms a square of 24 feet and contains a mihrab (arch) with a window in each side. Arched passages connect this chamber with the smaller chambers on the sides. The construction of the mosque is peculiar. In the central bay, the square span is converted into an octagon with much smaller diagonal sides. This irregular octagon is visible externally as well. Above this is placed a regular octagon, also externally visible. Four of its sides are continuations of the lower octagon. On the eastern side there is an arched opening into the base of a low dome, which is now missing. In the side chambers, the oblong span is converted into a square, and then this square void is domed in the same manner as the central dome. The whole construction is of brick covered with lime plaster. On the two sides of the sanctuary, two flights of stairs ascend to the roof.

This mosque's charming recesses, which once contained exquisite and chaste tiles with arabesque from Hala in Sindh, now bear only crude smudges of concrete quite lacking in delicacy. Sensitive curves, niches, and moldings of the cymareversa type are now overlaid with patches of cement and plaster. However, some tile work surviving inside the mosque compensates for what has been mercilessly obliterated outside. These provide the earliest examples of Sindhi tiles (circa 1509). They are confined to only two colors, usually a deep rich blue and a pale turquoise blue on a white ground.

This elegant made mosque is now totally ruined and this all because of neglected management of Archeology (Asar-e-Qadima) and the Pakistan Government, if the management committee of old monuments do nothing about this, then in few years it will be finish.

Also Read:

Popular Posts