Tuesday, August 30, 2011


Fyord (berasal dari bahasa Norwegia; fjord) merupakan semacam ceruk yang berasal dari lelehan gletsjer atau glaciar yaitu tumpukan es yang sangat tebal dan berat.

Sebuah fyord oleh karena itu bisa sangat dalam dan sangat panjang. Fyord banyak ditemukan di negara Skandinavia dan di Amerika Utara, terutama Alaska dan Kanada, Dan paling banyak di negara Norwegia, sebuah negara Gletsyer terbesar.

Citra satelit norway yang putih karena banyak tertutup salju.
Norway bagian utara di musim panasnya, matahari tak pernah tenggelam dan di musim dinginnya matahari tak pernah terbit, karena terletak di bagian paling utara bumi.

Fyord ditemukan di sepanjang pesisir:

* Norwegia
* Islandia
* Greenland
* Labrador
* pesisir barat Skotlandia (disebut "loch laut")
* barat laut sudut Selandia Baru (lihat Fiordland)
* di pesisir barat Newfoundland di Taman Nasional Gros Morne
* British Columbia sampai ke Puget Sound
* pesisir selatan dan barat Alaska
* selatan Chili
* di pesisir Laut Baltik di Jerman
* di sebagian Antartika, terutama Semenanjung Antartika
* berbagai Pulau Arktik dan Kepulauan Sub-antartika

Fyord terpanjang di dunia adalah:

1. Scoresby Sund di Greenland, (350 km)
2. Sognefjord di Norway (203 km)
3. Hardangerfjord di Norway (179 km)

Teluk panjang meyerupai-fyord di pesisir New England sering disebut sebagai "fiards".

Teluk Lim di Istria, Kroasia, sering kali disebut "fyord Lim" meskipun sebenarnya dia bukan fyord yang tercipta oleh glasial tapi sebuah estuary yang dibentuk oleh gaya erosi dari sungai Pazinčica.

Geiranger is the crown jewel of all the famous fjords of Norway. The snow-covered mountain peaks, the beautiful waterfalls, the lush green vegetation and the deep blue waters all add to the experience. The fjord can be explored by booking one of the 130 cruise ships that come here every year or taking the car ferry between Hellesylt and Geiranger, a small town that lies at the head of the Geiranger Fjord.

Lysefjord, Norway
The Lysefjord is a popular tourist attraction in south-western Norway. As well as the extraordinary scenery of the fjord itself, two points along its length are popular. The Pulpit Rock (Preikestolen) is a plateau located above a vertical drop of 604 meters offering magnificent views of Lysefjord and the surrounding mountain scenery.  At the end of the fjord lies the Kjerag mountain, a popular hiking destination with even more spectacular drops.

Pulpit Rock atau Preikestolen
Pulpit Rock or Preikestolen in Norwegian, is one of the area’s most popular and tourist attractions. This natural rock formation with a 25 meter squared (82 ft x 82 ft) plateau stands 604 meters (1,982 ft) above the sea. Thousands of tourists visit the Rock every year. The trip takes about two hours by foot, but the rock formation can also be enjoyed from the sea by boat. The original name of the rock formation is “Hyvlatonnå” – which means the tooth of a woodplane.

There is a trail from the Pulpit Rock lodge through different mountain landscapes. A trip to Preikestolen from the closest car park and Norwegian Mountain Touring Associations-staffed refuge Prekestolhytta takes about 3-4 hours for a round trip hike.

 Kjerag, Norway
 Kjerag Bolten
Kjerag or Kiragg is a Norwegian mountain, located in Lysefjorden, Rogaland. Its highest point is 1110 m (3,642 ft) above sea level, but its northern drop to Lysefjorden attracts most visitors. The drop is 984 m (3,228 ft) and is just by the famous Kjeragbolten, a 5 m³ (177 cubic ft) stone which is plugged between two rocks.

Kjerag is a popular hiking destination. Some come there because Preikestolen has become overcrowded. There are also quite a lot of BASE jumpers from all over the world that go there to dive off the high cliffs. Kjerag is also a popular climbing destination, with many difficult routes going up its steep faces.

The easiest ascent starts from the visitors center Øygardsstølen, with a 2.5-3 hour strenuous walk each way. From Stavanger, it is roughly a 2 hour drive (closed in winter season). Kjerag has become a popular BASE jumping destination. In the period between 1994 and 2008, 29,000 jumps were performed! During this period there were nine fatal accidents

Trolltunga atau Lidah Troll
Trolltunga is a piece of rock that stands horizontally out of the mountain above Skjeggedal in Odda, Norway. To get to Trolltunga (Norwegian for "Troll's tongue") visitors need to go to Odda, then to Skjeggedal via Tyssedal. Previously, a trolley car transported visitors the first 950 metres above sea level during the summer. There are, however, both stairs and a path that guide visitors the first 950 metres, and from there marked hiking trails lead visitors the rest of the way.

Cabins in the area are owned by the Norwegian Trekking Association, where it is possible to spend the night. The area opens up to the rest of Hardangervidda, and can be a starting point for a longer hike to, for example, Hårteigen.

The Trondheimsfjord (Trondheimsfjorden), an inlet of the Norwegian Sea, is Norway’s third longest fjord, 130 km long, in the west central part of the country. It stretches from Ørland in west to Steinkjer in north, passing the city of Trondheim on its way. Its maximum depth is 617 meters, just inside of Agdenes. The largest islands in the fjord are Ytterøy and Tautra; the small Munkholmen is located near the harbor of Trondheim; there are several islands at the entrance of the fjord.

With a length of 179 km (111 miles), the Hardangerfjord in the county of Hordaland in Norway is the third largest fjord in the world and the second largest in Norway. The surrounding district is called Hardanger. Today the Hardangerfjord is witness to a renaissance in tourism and new infrastructure for travellers has once again become an industry for the local communities along the fjord. The fjord has good conditions for fish farming. Fish farms yearly produce more than 40.000 tons of salmon and rainbow trout (2002) and makes the Hardangerfjord one of four major fish farming regions in the world.

Ulvikfjord, Norway
Mountains along the Ulvikfjord in the district of Hardanger in Hordaland, Norway

Tysfjord, Norway
Tysfjord (Norwegian) or Divtasvuodna (Lule Sami) is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Ofoten traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Kjøpsvik. Tysfjord was separated from the municipality of Lødingen in 1869. Tysfjord is the only municipality in Norway where speakers of Lule Sami should theoretically be able to speak that language with officials (since it is one of the official languages of the municipality), although this has not come to fruition. The Árran Lule Sami Center is located in the Tysfjord village of Drag.

Sognefjord, Norway
The Sognefjord (Sognefjorden) is the largest fjord in Norway, and the second longest in the world, after Scoresby Sund on Greenland. Located in Sogn og Fjordane it stretches 205 km (127 mi) inland to the small village of Skjolden. The fjord takes its name from the traditional district of Sogn. Branch fjords include Fjærlandsfjord, Sogndalsfjord, Lustrafjord, Årdalsfjord, Lærdalsfjord, Aurlandsfjord and the World Heritage Site Nærøyfjord. The fjord reaches a maximum depth of 1,308 m below sea level; the greatest depths are found some way inland. Near its mouth, the bottom rises abruptly to a sill about 100 m below sea level. The average width of the main branch of the Sognefjord is about 4 and a half km. Cliffs surrounding the fjord rise almost sheer from the water to heights of 1000m and more

Ersfjord, Norway

Vistdal, Norway Fjord

The Nærøyfjord is considered to be the wildest and most beautiful branch of the Sognefjord, the largest fjord in Norway. The Nærøyfjord is 17 km long and the narrowest point is only 250 metres wide. The passage through Nærøyfjord is one of the most dramatic fjord trips in Europe.

Kircheam Fjord




Semua Fjord diatas adalah Fjord di Norwegia, dan dibawah ini Fjord-Fjord di beberapa negara lainnya

Westfjords (Iceland)
The Westfjords or West Fjords is the name for the large peninsula in northwestern Iceland. It is connected to the rest of Iceland by a 7 km wide isthmus between Gilsfjörður and Bitrufjörður. The Westfjords are very mountainous; the coastline is heavily indented by dozens of fjords surrounded by steep hills. The cliffs at Látrabjarg comprise the longest bird cliff in the northern Atlantic Ocean and are at the westernmost region of Iceland. The Drangajökull glacier is located in the far north of the peninsula and is the fifth largest of the country, but the only glacier of the region.

Strandefjorden, Iceland

Aisen Fjord, chile
The landscape of the Aisén Region in southern Chile is marked by several glaciations that formed a lot of lakes, channels and beautiful fjords. The Laguna San Rafael National Park, reachable only by boat or plane, is one of its most popular tourist destinations in the area. The park comprises some of the higher mountains of Patagonia.

Doubtful Sound, New Zealand
Doubtful Sound is a very large fjord situated on the south-western corner of New Zealand’s South Island. Best known for its wilderness and wildlife, Doubtful Sound is the second largest of the 14 fjords in Fiordland National Park and it is 3 times longer and 10 times larger than the more famous and accessible Milford Sound.

Howe Sound, Vancouver Canada
Howe Sound is North America’s southernmost fjord, situated immediately northwest of Vancouver. Surrounded by towering peaks that rise straight out of the sea, Howe Sound is Vancouver’s playground for sailing, fishing, diving, camping and a host of other recreational activities. The fjord incorporates many islands, three of which are large and mountainous in their own right.

Kenai Fjords, Alaska
Kenai Fjords is a 650,000-acre National Park on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska. The park’s dramatic landscape includes spectacular mountains with great glaciers flowing down between them to the sea, as well as mile-deep fjords that provide a habitat for thousands of nesting seabirds and smaller marine mammals such as sea otters, harbor seals, and sea lions.

Milford Sound, New Zealand
Milford Sound is one of New Zealand’s most famous tourist destinations and claimed the number one spot for TripAdvisor’s 2008 Travelers’ Choice Destinations Awards. Lying at the most northern and accessible end of Fiordland National Park, Milford sound offers some of the world’s most staggering coastal scenery with its dramatic peaks and dark blue waters. The area’s frequent downpours only enhance this South Island beauty, sending numerous waterfalls cascading down the cliffs.

 Misty Fjords, Alaska
Misty Fjords is a remote and wild National Monument on the southern tip of the Alaska Panhandle. Large cruise ships can’t navigate through the narrow, steep-walled fjords but they offer excellent sea-kayaking opportunities, although the tides and frequent storms can make boating challenging.

Scoresby Sund, Greenland

Ilulissat Icefjord, greenland
The Ilulissat Icefjord is located close to Ilulissat town, on the west coast of Greenland, 250 km north of the Arctic Circle. The fjord runs 40 km (25 miles) from the Greenland ice sheet to Disko Bay. The area around the head of the icefjord is an amazing site, where icebergs from one of the world’s fastest moving glaciers (19 meters per day) create fantastic and dramatic scenery.

Dyrafjordur , Iceland

 Tasermiut fjord, South Greenland

Mjoifjordur, Greenland

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