Friday, August 12, 2011

Air Terjun Indah di Dunia IV

Bagian keempat ini menghadirkan air terjun di benua hitam Afrika ...

 Ouzoud Falls (Morocco)
Ouzoud Waterfalls (French: Cascades d'Ouzoud) (110 m high) are located in the Grand Atlas village of Tanaghmeilt, in the province of Azilal, 150 km north-east of Marrakech, in Morocco. It is the most visited site of the region. In the vicinity, Green valleys, mills, orchards and a superb circuit of the gorges of the El Abid River (in Arabic, "Slaves' River" ), are found. The bottom of the falls is accessible through a shaded path of olive trees. At the summit of the falls, there exist a dozen of old small mills that are still in use. In the twilight, one can observe whole troops of monkeys. One can also follow a narrow and difficult track leading to the road of Beni Mellal while descending the gorges from the "wadi el-Abid" by a canyon sometimes which one does not distinguish the bottom with nearly 600 meters.

Blue Nile Falls (Ethiopia)
The Blue Nile Falls are a waterfall on the Blue Nile river in Ethiopia. They are known as Tis Issat in Amharic, when translated, means "smoking water" They are situated on the upper course of the river, about 30 kilometers downstream from the town of Bahir Dar and Lake Tana. The falls are considered one of Ethiopia's best known tourist attractions. The falls are estimated to be between 37 and 45 meters high, consisting of four streams that originally varied from a trickle in the dry season to over 400 meters wide in the rainy season. Regulation of Lake Tana now reduces the variation somewhat, and since 2003 a hydro-electric station has taken much of the flow out of the falls except during the rainy season.

Ruacana Falls (Namibia)
Ruacana Falls are waterfalls located on the Cunene River in Northern Namibia near Ruacana. The waterfall is 120 meters high and 700 meters wide in full flood. The Epupa Falls on the Kunene River (“Kunene” is the Angolan spelling of the river) are located 135 km downstream on the border of Angola and Namibia.

 Epupa Falls (Angola & Namibia)
The Epupa Falls (Monte Negro Falls in Angola) lie on the Kunene River, on the border of Angola and Namibia. The river is 0.5 km wide and drops in a series of waterfalls spread over 1.5 km, with the greatest single drop being 37 m.

Murchison Falls (Uganda)
 Kabalega Falls, also known as Kabarega Falls, is a waterfall on the Nile. It breaks the Victoria Nile, which flows across northern Uganda from Lake Victoria to Lake Kyoga and then to the north end of Lake Albert in the western branch of the East African Rift. At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a gap in the rocks, only 7 metres (23 ft) wide, and tumbles 43 metres (141 ft), then flows westward into Lake Albert. The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic metres per second (11,000 ft³/s) of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than ten metres (30 ft) wide. Sir Samuel Baker, named them after Sir Roderick Murchison, president of the Royal Geographical Society. The falls lend their name to the surrounding Murchison Falls National Park.

 Sipi Falls (Uganda)
Sipi Falls is a series of three waterfalls in Uganda in the district of Kapchorwa, northwest of Sironko and Mbale. The waterfalls lie on the edge of Mount Elgon National Park near the Kenyan border. With a number of lodges and campsites in the area, the falls attract many tourists. Activities include caving, hiking, and abseiling. Hikes around the falls offer stunning views of the Karamoja plains and the slopes of Mt. Elgon. Most trekking expeditions up Mt. Elgon are based in the Sipi Falls area. Numerous lodges such as the crows nest and lakam lodge around the falls can organize trips. The Sipi River is named after the ‘Sep’, a plant indigenous to the banks of the River. Resembling a type of wild banana, Sep is a medicinal plant, the translucent green frond with a bolt of crimson rib is used for treating measles and fever.

Rusumo Falls (Rwanda & Tanzania)
Rusumo Falls is a waterfall located on the Kagera river on the border between Rwanda and Tanzania, part of the most distant headwaters of the river Nile. Although the falls themselves are not of a significant height in comparison to other waterfalls, they have played an important part in the history of Rwanda because they form the only bridging point on the river in that area. The falls were the scene of the first arrival of Europeans in Rwanda in 1894, when the German count Gustav Adolf von Götzen came across from Tanzania (Rwanda had been considered part of German East Africa since 1885 but no German had yet entered the country). He continued from there to the palace of the Mwami at Nyanza, and onward to the shores of Lake Kivu. The Belgians also entered Rwanda via the falls, when they took over the country during World War I in 1916.

Gouina Falls (Mali)
The Gouina Falls or Chutes de Gouina are on the Sénégal River in Mali between the towns of Bafoulabé (upstream) and Diamou (downstream) in the Kayes Region, where the river runs north from the Talari Gorges. They have been called the "Niagara falls of Mali". The river is about 500 m wide at this point, and drops 16 m over the falls. The volume of water is 12-13 m3 per second in the dry season, and up to 2430 m3 in the rainy season. The government of Mali is investigating the possibility of developing the electric power potential of the Senegal River: the smaller Falls of Félou downstream and the Gouina Falls have the power potential of 100MW.

Mumbuluma Falls (Zambia)
Kalambo Falls on the Kalambo River is a 772ft (235m) single drop waterfall on the border of Zambia and Tanzania at the southeast end of Lake Tanganyika. The falls are the second-highest uninterrupted falls in Africa (after South Africa's Tugela Falls). Downstream of the falls the Kalambo Gorge which has a width of about 1 km and a depth of up to 300 m runs for about 5 km before opening out into the Lake Tanganyika rift valley. Archaeologically, Kalambo Falls is one of the most important sites in Africa. It has produced a sequence of past human activity stretching over more than two hundred and fifty thousand years. It was first excavated in 1953 by John Desmond Clark who recognised archaeological activity around a small basin lake behind the falls.

Victoria Falls (Zambia & Zimbabwe)
The Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya (the Smoke that Thunders) is a waterfall located in southern Africa on the Zambezi River between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe. The falls are some of the largest in the world. The Victoria Falls are some of the most famous, considered by some to be among the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. David Livingstone, the Scottish missionary and explorer, is believed to have been the first European recorded to view the Victoria Falls – which he did from what is now known as 'Livingstone Island' in Zambia, the only land accessible in the middle of the falls.. David Livingstone gave the falls the name 'Victoria Falls' in honour of his Queen, but the indigenous name of 'Mosi-oa-Tunya' – literally meaning the 'Smoke that Thunders' – is also well known. The World Heritage List recognises both names.

Kalambo Falls, Zambia Tanzania
 Kalambo Falls on the Kalambo River is a 772ft (235m) single drop waterfall on the border of Zambia and Tanzania at the southeast end of Lake Tanganyika. The falls are the second-highest uninterrupted falls in Africa (after South Africa’s Tugela Falls). Downstream of the falls the Kalambo Gorge which has a width of about 1 km and a depth of up to 300 m runs for about 5 km before opening out into the Lake Tanganyika rift valley.

Djidji Waterfalls Ivindo National Park, Gabon

Mac-Mac Falls (South Africa)
 The Mac-Mac Falls is a waterfall on the Mac-Mac River in Mpumalanga, South Africa.

Maletsunyane Falls (South Africa)
Maletsunyane Falls is a 192 meter (630 ft) high waterfall in the Southern African country Lesotho. It is located near the town of Semonkong.

Tugela Falls (South Africa)
Tugela Falls is the world's second highest waterfall. The total drop in five free-leaping falls is 948 meters (3,110 feet). They are located in the Drakensberg (Dragon's Mountains) in the Royal Natal National Park in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Republic of South Africa. They are easily viewed after a heavy rain from the main travel road into the park, glistening from the reflection of the late afternoon sun. The source of the Tugela River (Zulu for 'sudden') is at Mont-Aux-Sources several kilometers from the escarpment from which the falls drop. The water is pure and safe to drink above the falls. There are 2 stunning trails to the Tugela Falls.

 Berlin Falls (South Africa)
The Berlin Falls is a waterfall in Mpumalanga, South Africa.

Augrabies Falls (South Africa)
The Augrabies Fallsis a waterfall on the Orange River, South Africa, within the Augrabies Falls National Park. The falls are around 60m in height. The original Khoikhoi residents named the waterfall Ankoerebis, "place of big noises", from which the Trek Boers, who settled here later on, derived the name Augrabies. The falls have recorded 7,800 cubic metres (280,000 cu ft) of water every second in floods in 1988 (and 6,800 cubic metres (240,000 cu ft) in the floods of 2006). This is over three times the average high season flow rate of Niagara Falls of 2,400 cubic metres (85,000 cu ft) per second, more than four times Niagara's annual average, and greater than Niagara's all time record of 6,800 cubic metres (240,000 cu ft) per second.

Howick Falls (South Africa)
Howick Falls is a waterfall in Howick, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. The waterfall is approximately 95 meters in height (311 feet) and lies on the Umgeni River. The Zulu people called the falls KwaNogqaza, which means "Place of the Tall One". The falls were most likely first seen by European explorers in the early 1800s. However the kwaZulu Natal province has known human occupation for well over 30, 000 years and it is likely that it was a well known site prior to any western influence given the rich legend surrounding the area. Many people have been swept over the falls, especially in the pioneer days of the province, as some settlers thought the easiest place to cross the river was just above the falls. There have been a recorded 40 deaths surrounding Howick falls with the first recorded death occurring in 1851.

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