Monday, August 8, 2011

Air Terjun Indah di Dunia III

Air terjun air terjun yang ada di benua Eropa ...

Pihtsusköngäs (Finland)
Pihtsusköngäs is the largest waterfall in Finland. Its maximum height is 17 metres. It is located about 45 kilometres from Kilpisjärvi village. You can get there by following the Nordkalottleden Trail.

Hafragilsfoss (Iceland)
The waterfall flows downstream from Dettifoss within the depths of the Jökulságljúfur canyon. This waterfall is also on the glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum, making it a powerful waterfall. The falls are visible from both sides of the river.

Dettifoss (Iceland)
Dettifoss is a waterfall in Jökulsárgljúfur National Park of Northeast Iceland, not far from Mývatn. It is situated on the Jökulsá á Fjöllum river, which flows from the Vatnajökull glacier and collects water from a large area in Northeast Iceland. The falls are 100 m wide and have a drop of 44 m down to the Jökulsárgljúfur canyon. It is the largest waterfall in Europe in terms of volume discharge, having an average water flow of 200 m3/s. The waterfall can only be reached by a rough road. On the west bank there are no facilities and the view on the waterfall is somewhat hindered by the waterfall's spray. On the east bank there is an information panel maintained by the staff of Vatnajökull National Park (Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður) and a maintained track to the best viewpoints.

Selfoss (Iceland)
Selfoss is a waterfall in the river Jökulsá á Fjöllum in the north of Iceland which drops over some waterfalls about 30 km before flowing into Öxarfjörður, a bay of the Arctic Sea. A few hundred meters downstream of the Selfoss waterfall (11 m high), the Dettifoss waterfall is situated, the most powerful waterfall of Europe. The river originates as melt water from the glacier Vatnajökull and therefore the water flow varies depending on the season, the weather and volcanic activity. The river falls 44 m over a width of 100 m. Below the falls, the river passes through a gorge which is part of the Jökulsárgljúfur National Park.

Gullfoss, Iceland
Gullfoss (English: Golden Falls) is a waterfall located in the canyon of Hvítá river in southwest Iceland. Gullfoss is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the country. The wide Hvítá rushes southward. About a kilometer above the falls it turns sharply to the left and flows down into a wide curved three-step “staircase” and then abruptly plunges in two stages (11 m and 21 m) into a crevice 32 m (105 ft) deep. The crevice, about 20 m (60 ft) wide, and 2.5 km in length, is at right angles to the flow of the river. As one first approaches the falls, the crevice is obscured from view, so that it appears that a mighty river simply vanishes into the earth.

Seljalandsfoss, Iceland
Seljalandsfoss is one of the most famous waterfalls of Iceland. It is very picturesque and therefore its photo can be found in many books and calendars. Seljalandsfoss is situated in between Selfoss and Skógafoss at the road crossing of Route 1 (the Ring Road) with the track going into Þórsmörk. This waterfall of the river Seljalandsá drops 60 metres (200 ft) over the cliffs of the former coastline. It is possible to go behind the waterfall.

Skogafoss, Skoga River Waterfalls, Iceland
There are more than two dozen waterfalls along the Skoga River in Iceland, some over 30 meters tall. Very few of the waterfalls along this river, with the exception of one or two, have names, but they don’t need names to make their presence known. Skogafoss is located in the south of Iceland where the Skoga River tumbles over former sea cliffs. Skógafoss is some 82 feet wide and has a drop of some 197 feet.

Ramnefjellsfossen (Norway)
 Ramnefjellsfossen (also known as: Utigardsfossen or Utigordsfossen) is unofficially listed as the third-highest waterfall in the world in several publications. On the other hand, The World Waterfall Database, which includes all minor and seasonal waterfalls, lists it as eleventh-tallest. The falls are located on the mountain, Ramnefjellet, in the municipality of Stryn in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway–about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) southeast of the villages of Loen and Olden. The falls are fed by the Ramnefjellbreen glacier, an arm of the great Jostedalsbreen glacier. After the falls, the water flows into the lake Lovatnet. The falls are easily reached by boat, sea plane, or road, and a campsite is located within hiking distance of the base of the falls. The total drop is 818 metres (2,684 ft) from three free-leaping cascades.

Vøringfossen (Norway)
 Vøringfossen is one of the most visited waterfalls in Norway. The falls are 183 m (about 600 ft.) high. The falls are located in Eidfjord not far from Highway 7, which connects Oslo with Bergen. Bjoreia, the small river that flows into Vøringfossen, has a hydroelectric dam in the Sysendalen valley above the falls, reducing the flow of water. In summer, the flow is increased to 12 m3/s, above its natural rate, not least to benefit the tourist trade. The name (Old Norse *Vyrðingr) is derived from the verb vyrða 'esteem, revere'. The last element fossen, the finite form of foss 'waterfall', is a later addition.

 Vinnufossen (Norway)
 Vinnufossen is the tallest waterfall in Europe and the sixth tallest in the world.

Kjelfossen, Norway
 Kjelfossen (English: Kjell Falls) is one of the highest waterfalls in Norway. The falls are located near the village of Gudvangen in the municipality of Aurland in Sogn og Fjordane county. With a total fall height of 755 metres (2,477 ft), the waterfall is listed as the 18th tallest waterfall in the world. The tallest single drop is 149 metres (489 ft). The height of the waterfall has never been accurately measured, so there are discrepancies in its actual height. Some sources list it as 840 metres (2,760 ft) tall.

 Krunefossen, Norway
 Krunefossen has a total height of 2165 feet 660 meters with the tallest single drop of 492 feet 150 meters and it is located in Norway, Sogn Og Fjordane, Stryn, Kjenndalen. This waterfall is fed by the Krunebreen Glacier, near the toe of the famous Kjenndalsbreen Glacier.

Langfoss, Langfossen, Norway
 Langfoss or Langfossen has a total height of 2008 feet 612 meters with the tallest single drop of 2008 feet 612 meters and located in Norway, Hordaland, Etne, Fjaera, it is possibly one of the most impressive waterfalls in Norway. A major road crosses the base of the falls providing easy access.

Mardalsfossen, Norway
 Mardalsfossen is one of the ten highest waterfalls in Europe. It is located in the municipality of Nesset in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The falls are on the Mardøla river which flows into the lake Eikesdalsvatnet, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) northwest of the village of Eikesdalen. The waterfall is depicted in Nesset’s coat-of-arms. The total fall is 705 metres (2,313 ft) according to SSB, 657 metres (2,156 ft) according to World Waterfall Database. It consists of two large drops and several smaller ones lower down. The highest vertical drop, which is 358 metres (1,175 ft), is one of the tallest in Norway. It is on average 24 metres (79 ft) wide. It is a tiered waterfall.

Mollisfossen, Norway
 Mollisfossen (Mallesfossen, Mollijus) has a total height of 883 feet 269 meters with the tallest single drop of 459 feet 140 meters and it is located in Norway, Finnmark, Reisadalen, Bilto.
This powerful fall is not visited by many. The falls are among the most powerful in the country, and probably rank among the most impressive as well. There are three tiers, a pair of plunges, separated by a fan shaped fall which drops into a large bowl in the middle of the cliff. A trail leads to the very base of the falls, but the upper tiers can only be seen from across the valley.

Seven Sisters Waterfall, Norway
 The Seven Sisters (Norwegian: De Syv Søstrene or Dei Sju Systrene, also known as Knivsflåfossen) is the 39th tallest waterfall in Norway. The waterfall consists of seven separate streams, and it is located along the Geirangerfjord in the municipality of Stranda in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The waterfall is located just south of the historic Knivsflå farm, across the fjord from the old Skageflå farm. The falls are about 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) west of the village of Geiranger. The tallest of the seven has a free fall that measures 250 metres (820 ft). The legend of the seven sisters is that they dance playfully down the mountain, while a single waterfall opposite the seven sisters (known as the Courter, or Suitor) flirts playfully from across the fjord. In Norwegian, ‘The Suitor’ is Friaren.

Steinsdalsfossen, Norway
Steinsdalsfossen (also called Øvsthusfossen or Øfsthusfossen) is a waterfall 2 kilometers west of Norheimsund, Hardanger in western Norway. The waterfall is one of the most visited in Norway. A path goes behind it where visitors can walk dryshod “into” the rumbling water. Steinsdalsfossen is about 50 meters high and is greatest when the snow melts in May and June

Vettisfossen, Norway
 Vettisfossen is one of Norway’s tallest waterfalls. It is located in the Jotunheimen mountain range inside the Utladalen Landscape Protection Area in the municipality of Årdal in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. The waterfall has a single drop of 275 metres (902 ft).

Vinnufossen, Norway
 Vinnufossen is the tallest waterfall in Europe and the sixth tallest in the world. The waterfall is located just east of the village of Sunndalsøra in the municipality of Sunndal in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The falls are part of the river Vinnu which flows down from the Vinnufjellet mountain and it is fed from the Vinnufonna glacier. The falls flow into the river Driva near the village of Hoelsand. It has a total height of 860 metres (2,820 ft), withe the height of longest drop 420 metres (1,380 ft).

Engstligen Falls, Switzerland
 The Engstligen falls near Adelboden in the Bernese Oberland are the second highest waterfalls in Switzerland. They are listed in the Swiss inventory of landscapes of national significance. The numerous mountain streams of Engstligenalp join together near its northern exit and fall in two steps over the rocks 600 m into the Engstligen valley where they become the official beginning of the Engstlige river. In winter, the Engstligen falls are a paradise for ice climbers.

Giessbach Waterfalls, Switzerland
The Giessbach (663 m/ 2,175ft) can be reached by road or by boat to the Giessbach See landing-stage (15minutes from Brienz) and from there either on foot (20minutes) or by funicular (345 m/1,132ft). The best view of the Giessbach, which tumbles down from a height of 300 m/ 984ft, to the lake in a series of falls over successive ridges of rock on the beautifully wooded hillside, is to be had from the terrace in front of the Park Hotel. There are footpaths up both banks to the highest of the three bridges, under which the stream emerges from a narrow gorge and plunges into a rock basin 60 m/197ft deep.

Gietro, Cascade du, Switzerland
Gietro, Cascade du (Gietro Falls) is a tiered waterfall with a height of 1850 feet or 564 meters with an average width of 50 feet or 15 meters. These are continuously flowing waterfalls found in the Valais region. This fall is in the southwestern direction near the French border on one of the tributaries of Lac du Mauvoisin and is fed by a massive glacier.

The Rhine Falls, Switzerland
 The Rhine Falls (Rheinfall in German) are the largest plain waterfalls in Europe.
The falls are located on the High Rhine between the municipalities of Neuhausen am Rheinfall and Laufen-Uhwiesen, near the town of Schaffhausen in northern Switzerland, between the cantons of Schaffhausen and Zürich. They are 150 m (450 ft) wide and 23 m (75 ft) high.

The Staubbach Falls, Switzerland
 The Staubbach Falls (German: Staubbachfall) is a waterfall in Switzerland, located just above Lauterbrunnen in the Bernese Oberland. The waterfall drops about 300 meters (1000 ft) from a hanging valley that ends in overhanging cliffs above the Lütschine River.

The Trummelbach Falls, Switzerland
 The Trummelbach Falls (In German: Trümmelbachfälle), located in Lauterbrunnen, District of Interlaken, Canton of Bern in Switzerland are a series of ten glacier-waterfalls inside the mountain made accessible by tunnel-lift and illuminated. Has a total height of 140 meters (459 feet).

The Krimmler Falls, Austria
 The Krimmler Wasserfälle (Waterfalls of Krimml), with a total height of 380 meters (1,247 feet), is the highest waterfall in Austria. The falls are formed from the Krimmler Ache river and are located near the village of Krimml in the Hohe Tauern National Park in Salzburgerland. Krimmler Wasserfälle is a tiered waterfall. The waterfall begins at the Krimmler Ache at the top of the Krimmler Achendal, and plunges downward in three stages. The upper stage has a drop of 140 meters, the middle of 100 meters, and the lowest a drop of 140 meters.

Rothbachfall, Germany
 Rothbachfall has a total height of 1540 feet 469 meters and it is the tallest waterfall in Germany. It’s located in the very southeast corner of Germany, about 20 air miles south of Salzburg, Austria. The falls consist of three tiers, a large horsetail, a smaller plunge, and a series of cascades before the stream flows into Lake Königssee.

Triberg Falls Germany
Triberg Falls is one of the highest waterfalls in Germany with a descent of 163 meters (at between 711 and 872 metres above sea level), and is a landmark in the Black Forest region. Above Triberg, in the midst of Black Forest, the Gutach river plunges over seven major steps from a gently undulated high plain into a rocky V-shaped valley.

Cascata delle Marmore Italy
 The Cascata delle Marmore (Marmore’s Falls) is a man-made waterfall created by the ancient Romans. Its total height is 165 m (541 feet), making it one of the tallest in Europe and the tallest man-made waterfall in the world. Of its 3 sections, the top one is the tallest, at 83 m (272 feet). It is located 7.7 km from Terni, a provincial capital of the Italian region of Umbria. Its source is a portion of the waters of the river Velino (the rest of the river flows into a hydroelectric power plant), after flowing through Piediluco lake near the community of Marmore. It pours into the valley below formed by the river Nera. Its flow is turned on and off according to a published schedule, to satisfy the needs of tourists and the power company alike. Tourists try to be there the moment the gates are opened to see the powerful rush of water.

The Serio Falls, Italy
 The Serio Falls (Italian: Cascate del Serio) is the tallest waterfall in Italy and one of the major ones in Europe. Serio Falls is located approximately 100 km from Milano, near the village of Valbondione, in the upper Valle Seriana, Province of Bergamo, Lombardy, Northern Italy. The falls are composed of three main steps, respectively 166, 74 and 75 metres tall. Taken together the falls have a drop of 315 m (more than 1000 ft). The falls are formed by the Serio River, at a short distance from its source in the Bergamo Alps.

High Force, England
 High Force is a waterfall on the River Tees, near Middleton-in-Teesdale, Teesdale, County Durham (until 1974 part of Yorkshire), England. The waterfall is within the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) and European Geopark. Despite popular belief, it is not, at 21.5 metres (70 ft), the highest waterfall in England: Cautley Spout, in Cumbria’s Howgill Fells, is almost 180 metres (600 ft) high and Hardraw Force, in North Yorkshire, has an unbroken drop of 30 metres (100 ft).

Gavarnie Falls, France
 The Gavarnie Falls, also known as Grande Cascade de Gavarnie, is a tiered waterfall and ranks with its overall drop of 422 m as the tallest waterfall in France. The falls are situated in Cirque de Gavarnie, a two hour walk from the village Gavarnie in the Hautes-Pyrénées.

Plitvice Lakes Waterfalls, Croatia
 In Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia you’ll stumble upon a group of waterfalls like no other. The park is comprised of at least 16 lakes at various levels of elevation, each formed by runoff from the lakes above it, linked by a series of larger and smaller falls. Formed by natural dams made of travertine, the falls range in colour from azure to green and grey.

Maha Agung Tuhan Sang Maha Pencipta

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